Abstract: Over the past years, in Strasbourg, intense debates have accompanied the unveiling of the story of the 86 Jews who were taken from Ausschwitz to Alsace following an order of August Hirt, director of the Institute of Anatomy of the Reichsuniversität Strassburg at the time. In 1944, these persons were killed in the Struthof-Natzweiler camp in Alsace before their bodies were taken to the Institute of Anatomy to be used to “complete” the anatomical collection of the institute (Lang 2013; Toledano 2016). In 2005, after much conflict on the university, communal and national level, a memorial was inaugurated on the front building of the Institute of Anatomy. Almost no research has however been conducted up to now on a lesser-known part of the collection: human remains from former German colonies. During the period of German annexation of Alsace-Lorraine between 1871-1919, at least 161 human remains from German colonies entered the collection, mostly through donations by military doctors who had worked in today’s Cameroon, Togo, Namibia and Tanzania (Ochs 1997). An international  commission has researched on human remains and objects from the Third Reich at the Reichsuniversität Strassburg over the past years and will make its results public in December 2021. We as researchers currently investigate on the human remains from former German colonies at the University of Strasbourg. In our presentation, we will address the following questions: which new approaches and pro-active policies concerning human remains is the University of Strasbourg currently developing? Which actors are involved in this process and what are commonalities and differences between them? What are French-German dynamics concerning the link between history and memory and sites of memory in a crossed perspective? How can our research project, which will focus on including the perspective of actors on the African continent, contribute to these institutional processes?